Amanda Fair - AIDS


Hey guys,
On Wednesday I will be talking about Aids. Aids also known as (HIV) is a disease that is non-curable and affects many people in our society. Below is a video I would like you to watch. We will also watch it in class if you do not get a chance to watch it.



I would like you to read through these websites so you have a basic knowledge of what AIDS is, an opinion on aids relating to people, as well as a thought to a few questions.




About AIDS.HIV

Health Guide


Here some things I would like for you to think about and be ready to discuss in class.
  1. Do you think that someone with AIDS should be allowed to have children?
  2. If you were to find out that your future husband/wife was HIV positive, would you still go through with the marriage regardless of the diagnoses?
  3. Should couples have exams preformed (i.e. HIV) prior to getting married?

Note: This topic does not involve religion so please do not center or base all of your comments on that. We all understand that not all of us believe the same thing. I would like us to respect that and give people some breathing room.

Thanks!
-Amanda


Some aditional information

Leading causes of AIDS related deaths in the USA
Leading causes of AIDS related deaths in the USA

AIDS timeline

Before 1970s

  • HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) probably transfers to humans in Africa between 1884 and 1924.
  • HIV probably enters Haiti around 1966.

1970s

  • HIV probably enters the United States around 1970.
  • African doctors see a rise in opportunistic infections and wasting.
  • Western scientists and doctors remain ignorant of the growing epidemic.

1981

  • AIDS is detected in California and New York.
  • The first cases are among gay men, then injecting drug users.

1982

  • AIDS is reported among haemophiliacs and Haitians in the USA.
  • AIDS is reported in several European countries.
  • The name “AIDS” – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome – is created.
  • Community organisations in the UK and USA promote safer sex among gay men.

1983

  • AIDS is reported among non-drug using women and children.
  • Experts become more confident that the cause of AIDS is infectious.
  • Three thousand AIDS cases have been reported in the USA; one thousand have died.

1984

  • Scientists identify HIV (initially called HTLV-III or LAV) as the cause of AIDS.
  • Western scientists become aware that AIDS is widespread in parts of Africa.
  • The world's first needle exchange program is set up in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

1985

  • An HIV test is licensed for screening blood supplies.
  • AIDS is found in China, and has therefore been seen in all regions of the world.

1986

  • More than 38,000 cases of AIDS have been reported from 85 countries.
  • Uganda begins promoting sexual behaviour change in response to AIDS.

1987

  • AZT is the first drug approved for treating AIDS.
  • The UK and other countries act to raise awareness of AIDS.

1988

  • The American government conducts a national AIDS education campaign.
  • Health ministers meet to discuss AIDS and establish a World AIDS Day.

1990

  • Around 8 million people are living with HIV worldwide, according to estimates made later.

1991

  • Thailand launches Asia’s most extensive HIV prevention programme.

1993

  • AZT is shown to be of no benefit to those in the early stages of HIV infection.

1994

1995

  • The Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS) is established.

1996

  • Combination antiretroviral treatment is shown to be highly effective against HIV.
  • In developed countries, many people begin taking the new treatment.
  • Annual global spending on AIDS in low- and middle-income countries is $300 million.

1997

  • AIDS deaths begin to decline in developed countries, due to the new drugs.
  • Brazil is the first developing country to begin providing free combination treatment.
  • In other developing countries, only a tiny minority can access treatment for HIV.
  • Around 22 million people are living with HIV worldwide, according to estimates made later.

2000

2001

  • At a UN Special Session, world leaders set long-term targets on HIV/AIDS.

2002

  • The Global Fund is established to boost the response to AIDS, TB and malaria.
  • Botswana begins Africa’s first national AIDS treatment programme.

2003

  • AIDS drugs become more affordable for developing countries.
  • The “3 by 5” campaign is launched to widen access to AIDS treatment.
  • The first AIDS vaccine candidate to undergo a major trial is found to be ineffective.

2004

  • America launches a major initiative called PEPFAR to combat AIDS worldwide.
  • After much hesitancy, South Africa begins to provide free antiretroviral treatment.

2006

  • Circumcision is shown to reduce HIV infection among heterosexual men.
  • 28% of people in developing countries who need treatment for HIV are receiving it.
  • Annual global spending on AIDS in low- and middle-income countries is $8.9 billion.
  • It is estimated that $14.9 billion would be needed for a truly effective response.

2007

  • Around 33 million people are living with HIV, according to revised estimates.
  • Another major HIV vaccine trial is halted after preliminary results show no benefit.

2008

  • A controversial Swiss study claims people adhering to ARVs have a "negligibly small" risk of transmitting HIV through unprotected sex.
  • PEPFAR is reauthorised, committing $48 billion for the next five years.
  • Michel Sidibé is named as new head of UNAIDS as Peter Piot steps down.

2009

  • President Obama announces the removal of the travel ban that prevents HIV-positive people from entering the US.
  • 4 million people in developing and transitional countries are receiving treatment for HIV; 9.5 million are still in immediate need of treatment.

AIDS Retrospective Slideshow: A Pictorial Timeline of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic






Raychel--

I found some information on how aids affect people psychologically. I didn’t realize the whole picture, but there are a lot more things that a person experiences beyond the physical standpoint. Because of the fear that most people are instilled with when they are diagnosed, they may have to seek psychiatric treatment. Here are some methods of psychotherapy. Some believe that there may be over 400 different approaches to treatment.
One method is insight therapy, based on traditional Freud psychoanalytical theory. It is the stereotypical talking between a client and a therapist. The therapist works to develop client insight into the nature of the problem and to work towards a possible solution. This can be done in groups or individually. Clients usually invest large amounts of time, effort, and money.
Another method is behavior therapy. These therapies are based on the principles of learning. Behavior therapists work to directly alter problematic responses through classical conditioning, operant conditioning, or observational learning. Classical conditioning is when a conditioned stimulus elicits the same response as for an unconditioned stimulus. For example, if a dog salivates every time it sees food and you ring a bell simultaneously, eventually the dog will salivate every time it just hears the bell. Operant conditioning are based on the principles of punishment and reward, which are self-explanatory. Observational learning, as its name implies, is based on the observations of another.
Lastly, biomedical therapies are treatments that interact with an individual's biological functions. This commonly is done either through drugs or electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), or shock. Examples include antidepressants, antipsychotic, and antianxiety drugs. ECT is a controversial method of treatment in which a patient is exposed to a brief electric shock.